Cần Thơ is the fifth largest city in Vietnam, and the largest city in the Mekong delta. It is noted for its floating market, rice-paper-making village, and picturesque rural canals. It had a population of 1.1 million as of 2004, and is located on the south bank of theHau River, a branch of the Mekong. In 2007, a large bridge collapsed killing 50 people, Vietnam’s worst engineering disaster. In 2011,Can Tho International Airport opened. The name Can Tho is a shortened form of cầm thi giang, meaning “river of poems”. The city is nicknamed the “western capital” (Tây Đô), and is located 169 km from Ho Chi Minh City. Can Tho’s climate is tropical and monsoonalwith two seasons: rainy, from May to November; and dry, from December to April. Average annual humidity is 83%, rainfall 1,635 mm and temperature 27 °C.
The city is an independent municipality at the same level as provinces of Vietnam. It was created in the beginning of 2004 by a split of the former Cần Thơ Province into two new administrative units: Cần Thơ City and Hậu Giang Province.
The city of Can Tho is divided into nine districts: Ninh Kieu, Binh Thuy, Cai Rang, O Mon, Thot Not, Phong Dien, Co Do, Vinh Thanh,Thoi Lai. Thot Not is the most populated and wealthiest of these districts.
The city borders the provinces of An Giang, Hậu Giang, Kiên Giang, Vĩnh Long and Đồng Tháp.
Cần Thơ is connected to the rest of the country by National Road 1A and Cần Thơ International Airport. The city’s bridge which is now completed, is the longest cable-stayed bridge in South East Asia. The 6-lane Saigon–Cần Thơ Exressway is being built in parts[clarification needed] from Hồ Chí Minh City to Mỹ Tho. The hydrofoil express boat links this city with Saigon.
The Mekong Delta is considered to be the “rice basket of Vietnam,” contributing more than half of the nation’s rice production.
Can Tho is famous for its floating markets, where people sell and buy things on the river, as well as the bird gardens and the port of Ninh Kieu. The city offers a wide range of tropical fruits such aspomelo, longan, jackfruit, mango and durian. The Can Tho City Museum has exhibits on the city’s history.